He was a professional bricklayer and graduated from the Technical Society's school in 1924 and Copenhagen Art Academy in 1927.
In 1928 he received the Academy's gold medal, but prior to this at only 23 years of age, he was awarded a silver medal at the 1925 Paris World Exhibition — the first of numerous honours.
His main works include: town halls in Århus, Søllerød, Rødovre and Glostrup, SAS-building (Royal Hotel) in Copenhagen, Munkegårds School in Gentofte, Toms Chocolate Factory in Ballerup, The Danish National Bank headquarters, a sports hall in Landskrona, St. Catherine's College, Oxford and Hamburgerische Elektrizitätswerke's administration building.
In 1932, Arne Jacobsen began a collaboration with the Fritz Hansen company and over a period of years designed a series of chairs which are now recognised as milestones in the development of modern furniture. They include The Ant (1951), The Egg (1957), and The Swan(1957).
He was also an innovator in other design fields, such as the tableware series "Cylinda-line" for Stelton - in stainless steel.
Arne Jacobsen was a professor of architecture at the Art Academy, and received honorary doctorates from a number of foreign universities and academies. "Cylinda-line" was awarded the ID-prize 1967 by The Danish Society of Industrial Design and The International Design Award 1968 by The American Institute of Interior Designers.